Judul Paper:

Pilgrimage as Not a Dead End: Syncretic Encounter, Diaspora, and Virtual Mecca

Pembicara :

ACHMAD FAWAID - Pendidikan Agama Islam

Nama Forum :

International Symposium of Religious Life (ISRL) 2016: Managing Diversity, Fostering Harmony

Penyelenggara :

the Centre for Research and Development of Religious Life (CRDRL) of The Ministry of Religious Affai

Level :

Internasional

Abstraksi :

 Abstract: In the 8th century, relationship between Malay Archipelago and Arab began through trade, the acculturation of Islamic teaching, and the spread of the Arab diaspora to Sumatera and Java. Although the existence of Islam is evident in the social life of Indonesia, connecting Malay Archipelago and the Arab region through a mere similarity in religious identity is an erroneous simplification. It provides an Islamic syncretism as a productive phenomenon for discussing the relationship between Arab and Malay. Syncretism could provide enthusiasm, like the grease or the energy that makes it possible for the components of a (cultural) machine to move, support one another, and result in a new understanding. Television and art, for instance, are vehicles for encountering diverse narratives, thoughts, and interests in virtual medium. Some of them, such as “Saudi Quran” and “Saudi Sunnah” channels, Otty Widasari’s “Jabal Hadroh, Jabal Jannah” art video, and others, are new phenomenon which contribute to re-imagine the spread of Islam in Indonesia through a return migration flow to the Arab region and the wave of Indonesian migrant workers (TKI) that is firstly initiated by those who organized Indonesian pilgrims to Mecca since 1970. This study is partly to allude the phenomenon of the “virtual Mecca” to explain how study of pilgrimage must address the patterns of production, distribution, and consumption of contemporary visual medium. By using John Urry’s mobility as a social dynamic that destroys definition of propinquity as standard measure for the formulation of social pattern, this study attempts to show how an imagined community on the virtual medium builds a new configuration of ‘distance’, ‘presence’, ‘absence’ in a network society. Afrizal Malna, an outstanding Indonesian contemporary poet, also understands the term ‘migration’ as an expression that connects the physical and metaphoric meaning of changing identities, and based on his idea, this study tries to construct some virtual programs that signify the unexpected encounters between flows of capital, values, languages, information, ideas, material objects, and agents driven by migration and mobility (both local and transnational scale). A number of programs have resulted in ‘platform of encounter’, made everyone who enjoyed them became a contemporary pilgrim who picks her/his lesson from her/his stop-over. As in the Javanese adage: “There are no dead ends, because life is just a stop-off for a drink.” Keywords: virtual Mecca, encounter, migration, mobility

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